What is Microbiology

According to The Society for General Microbiology, microbiologists “study microbes: where they live, how they survive, how they affect us and how we can make them work for us. All around the world there are microbiologists making a difference to our lives – ensuring our food is safe, treating and preventing disease, developing green technologies or tracking the role of microbes in climate change.”


  • Microbiologist
  • Clinical Microbiologist
  • Researcher

What skills do you need to work in microbiology?

  • Scientific mindset
  • High levels of accuracy and attention to detail
  • Ability to work with statistics and relevant computer packages
  • Research and analysis skills
  • Excellent written and verbal communication skills

Where do microbiology professionals work?

Microbiology professionals work for a variety of organisations including: hospitals, health protection agencies, universities, industrial companies, environmental and agricultural organisations.

Typical work activities

  • Identifying, monitoring and controlling infectious diseases
  • Collecting samples
  • Undertaking laboratory tests
  • Monitoring the quality and safety of manufactured food
  • Scientifically testing and developing new medicines

Find out more